The waffles and pancakes so common for breakfast in the West are usually reserved for the main course or dessert in Eastern Europe. And, while cold cereals are becoming more common, typically, breakfast is a much more substantial meal -- pickled meats, smoked sausages, pickled and fresh fruits and vegetables, hard-cooked eggs, cheeses, pastries and breads galore, jams and jellies. Omelets are becoming popular in the larger hotels and restaurants, but loose, moist scrambled eggs are more common. Sometimes hearty soups like Polish zurek make an appearance.
In Hungary, breakfast might consist of any combination of bread, rolls or crescent-shaped kiflik (pastries with sweet or savory fillings), butter, jam or honey, eggs many ways, sausages, cheeses, tea, coffee or milk. In summer, Hungarians sometimes have lecso (tomato-pepper stew).
In Poland, where breakfast is known as sniadania, you might dine on an open-face sandwich, or zapiekanka or kanapka, made of cold cuts, meat spreads, kielbasa, cheese, tomatoes and sliced pickles. Bread and rolls of all types figure prominently at the Polish breakfast table. Eggs prepared many ways -- scrambled with bits of sausage or bacon, hard- or soft-boiled -- are common. Hot oatmeal, muesli or breakfast cereal with milk are very common. Jams, especially powidla sliwkowe (plum butter), are popular. Breakfast drinks include a somewhat weak coffee (unless you order espresso), milk, sometimes raw and straight from the cow, hot chocolate, or tea. In the spring and summer, fresh vegetables and fruits make an appearance at the breakfast table.
A traditional Romanian breakfast would include bread, feta cheese, cold cuts, cucumbers and tomatoes in the summer, and sometimes scrambled or fried eggs. Strong, Turkish-style coffee, tea or fruit juices and yogurt are also served.
In Serbia, Bulgaria, Bosnia, Montenegro, Macedonia, and parts of Croatia, breakfast usually consists of a sweet or savory pastry filled with cheese, meat or fruit puree. A very common breakfast is burek with a cold glass of kefir. As in Poland, open-face sandwiches also are popular for breakfast.
See these Eastern European Breakfast Recipes.